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IELTS Writing: The pros and cons of tourism

28/06/20142 minute read

International travel is becoming cheaper, and countries are opening their doors to more and more tourists. Do the advantages of increased tourism outweigh its disadvantages?

Nowadays, tourism industry has become a rather lucrative business in many countries that have marvellous natural scenery and cultural heritages. However, whether the pros outweigh the cons of it remains a controversial topic among many people. I agree with the view that despite the several disadvantages, it definitely plays a significant role in the economic development around the world.

Firstly, it is obvious that as a smokeless industry, the tourism can attract a sheer volume of tourists from other places, and then boost the local consumptions like hotels, restaurants, air industry, as well as creating numerous job opportunities. The Australian government, for example, can earn the large proportion of income from its travelling resources with its spectacular scenery along the seacoast each year. Therefore, many countries now are eagerly disseminating their own unique attractions.

Moreover, tourism income may help conserve the natural landscape, wildlife and cultural heritages. This is mainly because preserving the food, fashion, festivals and scenery needs a great amount of fund. If there are no such huge financial support, the scenic spot will be lack of maintenance and disrupted and thus they will be faded away sooner or later.

That is not to say that the tourism industry is flawless. Chances are that local living conditions and lifestyle are disturbed and the environment are degraded due to the fact that floods of travellers pour into the once serene places and bring in rubbish and noise. But like other industries, the governments should legislate to avoid these problems.

In sum, many cities and countries now heavily reply on this indispensable industry; meanwhile, though the pros clearly outweigh the cons, the consequences should be handled by efforts. Only by doing so can we ensure that the tourism would be developing in a healthy way.

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